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Why Fruit Has a Fake Wax Coating

For centuries, artificial protective coatings have preserved and protected foods—and made them look more appealing. An Object Lesson.

by Julia Phillips

If Eve found the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil “pleasing to the eye,” then the fruit on offer in today’s supermarkets would surely dazzle her.

Read this essay at The Atlantic
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Have Leftovers Gone Bad?

As restaurants and meal kits displace home cooking, uneaten food might disappear. An Object Lesson.

by David Rudin

Soon enough, they might represent what home cooking once meant, but no longer does.

 

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An employee holds an Hermes diamond and Himalayan Nilo Crocodile Birkin handbag at Heritage Auctions offices in Beverly Hills, California September 22, 2014. The handbag has 242 diamonds with a total of 9.84 carats.  REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni  (UNITED STATES - Tags: ENTERTAINMENT FASHION TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY) - RTR47B6T

The Handbag’s Tale

Medieval or modern, handbags reveal their bearers’ secrets more than they hide them. An Object Lesson.

by Julie Schulte

From chatelaine to reticule to designer bag, the handbag has always offered both freedom and yoke. It encapsulates a fact about its owner, and reveals that fact as much as, or more than, it conceals her belongings.

Read this essay at The Atlantic
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The Seductive Nostalgia of the Picnic

Once seen as an escape from the city, a meal among the trees and meadows is now a journey to the past. An Object Lesson.

by Melissa Holbrook Pierson

Once upon a time, every meal was a picnic. Then people got roofs and things.

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How the Diving Bell Opened the Ocean’s Depths

The simple device ushered in a new age of exploration—and burst many ear drums in the process. An Object Lesson.

by Bryce Emley

Once people realized that trapped air contains breathable oxygen, they took large pots, stuck their heads inside, and jumped into the nearest body of water. In the 2,500 years since, the device has been refined and expanded to allow better access to the ocean’s depths. But that access has not come without human cost.

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Welcome, Please Remove Your Shoes

Around the world, slippers are used to keep the outside out of the home. An Object Lesson.

by Margarita Gokun-Silver

The slippers represent the hero’s indifference to life outside his home. But they also symbolize the domestic space, the feeling of leaving the worries of the world at the door, and the safety and comfort that only one’s abode can offer.

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The Still-Misunderstood Shape of the Clitoris

Can a 3-D printed model of the organ change views on female sexuality? Yes and no. An Object Lesson.

by Naomi Russo

The clitoris really isn’t that confusing. Or it shouldn’t be, anyway. Nonetheless, acknowledging the shape, size, or even existence of this essential body part has not always been par for the course—even in the medical profession.

Read this essay at The Atlantic
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How the Chili Dog Transcended America’s Divisions

The national dish is really a fusion of immigrant fare. An Object Lesson.

by Christina Olson

The chili dog became a food laced with regional pride. It is one way that Americans identify themselves, a way to claim local citizenship. It’s ironic that a food descending directly from homogenization—a food that had to change itself to fit in—is now the same food regional fanatics hold up as uniquely local.

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How New Orleans’s Favorite Mardi Gras Cocktail Was Saved From Extinction

No one knows why Ojen became so popular in the city, but it has long been the party liqueur of choice. An Object Lesson.

by Anna C. Griggs

New Orleanians are famous for their boozy traditions: lax open container laws, the Go-Cup, and drive-thru daiquiris shops (to name but a few). They often despair in the disappearance of even the most minor culinary tradition. In Louisiana, to lose a tradition such as Ojen often means losing entire communities and ways of life.

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The Hidden History of the Laundry Chute

Stains, smells, secrets, thieves, dead bodies, and even a radioactive towel have all found their way down one. An Object Lesson.

by Sarah Minor

A laundry chute is a mythic domestic space. It’s an unwatched door to nowhere, the open throat of an old home. Its reputation has as much to do with convenience as with the early recognition that a house is not solid through and through. The laundry chute is a place where stains and embarrassing odors go to be erased, and dropping linen down the chute is a mnemonic for forgetting those embarrassments, for making such accidents invisible. Most of a laundry chute is sealed behind walls, and this covert quality draws people to encounter such items that laundry chutes are built explicitly to contain.

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The Heirloom Art of the Sewing Machine

Even after automation, sewing remains a craft that’s passed down through generations. An Object Lesson.

by Jocelyn Heath

Unlike humans—who produced natural variation by virtue of training, oversight, preference, or simple idiosyncrasy—the sewing machine could achieve uniformity, evenness, and consistency because its construction “trained” it to repeat endless copies of the desired stitch length. Previous generations would have seen the machine as lacking the care and precision of hand sewing; haste made waste in that the quality couldn’t equal that of a one-of-a-kind piece. But was the machine’s work inferior?

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The Camera Technology That Turned Films Into Stories

A modest invention that prevented celluloid from tearing helped make modern cinema. An Object Lesson.

by Henry Giardina

Before film was art, it was machinery. It took years for film to get the kind of legal protection that the other, more prestigious arts enjoyed. In the early days, it was technology, protectable only by patent. As a result, film, as a product, was strange and vulnerable, subject to duping, sabotage, and all kinds of strange patent traps set by Thomas Edison to keep independent filmmakers from gaining power.

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A Short History of the Tomboy

With roots in race and gender discord, has the “tomboy” label worn out its welcome? An Object Lesson.

by Elizabeth King

If culture’s understanding of girlhood is not exclusive to being “girly,” is a tomboy a tomboy anymore, or just one way of being a kid?

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The Social Advantage of Pockets

Who can use a pocket, and what it can carry, has historically depended on the person doing the pocketing. An Object Lesson.

by Clare Mullaney

Pockets help determine who gets power and who is deprived of it. If “to pocket” means to put away, the pocket emerges as a site of both preservation and defeat. To trace who has pockets and who is denied them makes us consider to what extent being a subject means having things, and being able to access them.

 

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A farmer spreads fertilizer while preparing the land for rice planting in Ngoc Nu village, south of Hanoi January 22, 2015. Rice prices in Thailand and Vietnam fell this week under rising supply pressure, with the Thai government planning a major tender next week and Vietnam set to harvest its main crop from late February, traders said on Wednesday. REUTERS/Kham (VIETNAM - Tags: AGRICULTURE BUSINESS) - RTR4MF06

Will Humans Run Out of Fertilizer?

It helped people spread and multiply. Now critics worry it's destroying the planet. An Object Lesson.

by Alex Fitzsimmons

There is also a fundamental criticism of fertilizer. It is rooted in the belief that people are not part of nature, but a blight on it. The more people on the Earth, the more the Earth suffers.

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Why Skee-Ball Doesn’t Change

A century after its creation, the game is still a perfect balance of skill and chance. An Object Lesson.

by Richard Klin

Skee-ball has survived so long not because it is special, but because it is ordinary.

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Tar Balls, the Beach’s Fossil-Fuel Flowers

Globs of black goo occur on beaches both naturally from ocean seeps and artificially from oil spills. An Object Lesson.

by Robin Tricoles

Is there a difference between tar balls that originate from natural seeps versus ones that originate from spills? It depends.

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The Toxic-Waste Drum Is Everywhere

Created by a globetrotter, the 55-gallon barrel became one of the best-traveled inventions in human history. An Object Lesson.

by Rebecca Altman

Even today, more than a century after its invention, the drum remains as integral to chemical manufacturing as it ever was. And yet, as the go-to strategy for waste management, it is a technology that ought to have been abandoned by now, relegated instead to the stuff of kitsch collectibles and candies.

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Three Millennia of Safety Pins

The tiny tool has held up Roman togas and decorated punk rockers. Now, it’s a symbol of support.

by Rina Caballar

As a tiny object of dissent, the safety pin has returned to its punk-rock roots as a symbol of opposition. The safety pin’s origins as a fibula highlight class differences, but its current use to signify solidarity emphasizes support for marginalized communities. The safety pin has always offered a way to hold clothing together. Now it transcends that utility, promising to hold people together too.

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When Typists Were Feared as ‘Love Pirates’

At the turn of the century, some women sued stenographers for seducing their husbands. An Object Lesson.

by Matt Jones

What is most interesting about the love pirate and the enabling wife is that they both perpetuate the same mythology: Women are guilty, some of wanting too much and some of not doing enough.

Read this essay at The Atlantic